What are the symptoms of stage 1 kidney disease?

In the early stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD), which includes stage 1, there may be little to no noticeable symptoms, and kidney function is typically only mildly reduced. Stage 1 CKD is often identified through routine blood or urine tests rather than the presence of specific symptoms. However, some individuals with stage 1 CKD may experience subtle or nonspecific symptoms, which can include:

1. Fatigue: Some people with stage 1 CKD may report mild fatigue, although this symptom is not exclusive to kidney disease and can be caused by various factors.

2. Urinary Changes: You may notice subtle changes in urination patterns, such as increased frequency or changes in urine color or clarity. However, these changes are typically not pronounced at this stage.

3. Mild Fluid Retention: In some cases, minor fluid retention or puffiness in the extremities (ankles, feet, hands, or face) may occur, although it is often not severe.

4. High Blood Pressure: Elevated blood pressure (hypertension) may be present. It's essential to monitor and manage blood pressure, as it is a risk factor for kidney disease and can be both a cause and a consequence of CKD.

It's important to note that many people with stage 1 CKD do not experience any symptoms at all. The diagnosis is typically made through laboratory tests that detect elevated creatinine levels, reduced glomerular filtration rate (GFR), or the presence of protein in the urine (proteinuria). Early detection and intervention are critical in managing CKD and preventing further kidney damage. If you have risk factors for kidney disease, such as diabetes or hypertension, or if you are concerned about your kidney health, it's advisable to consult with a healthcare provider for appropriate testing and guidance.