What are the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease?

Alzheimer's disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that primarily affects memory and cognitive functions. The symptoms of Alzheimer's disease can vary, but they generally become more pronounced over time. Common symptoms include:

1. **Memory Loss:** One of the most noticeable early symptoms is the inability to remember recently learned information. This can result in forgetting important dates or events, asking for the same information repeatedly, or relying on memory aids.

2. **Difficulty Planning and Problem-Solving:** People with Alzheimer's may experience challenges in planning and solving problems. They may find it difficult to follow a recipe, manage finances, or concentrate on tasks that require multiple steps.

3. **Confusion with Time or Place:** Individuals may lose track of dates, seasons, and the passage of time. They may also forget where they are or how they got there.

4. **Difficulty Completing Familiar Tasks:** Alzheimer's can make it challenging for people to complete routine tasks. They may struggle with tasks they have been doing for years, such as driving or managing personal finances.

5. **Misplacing Items:** Individuals with Alzheimer's may put things in unusual places and then struggle to retrace their steps to find them. This can lead to accusations of theft or paranoia.

6. **Decreased or Poor Judgment:** Alzheimer's can impair judgment and decision-making. This may lead to poor financial choices or neglect of personal hygiene.

7. **Withdrawal from Work or Social Activities:** As cognitive abilities decline, individuals may withdraw from social activities, work projects, or hobbies they once enjoyed.

8. **Changes in Mood and Personality:** Individuals with Alzheimer's may experience mood swings, increased anxiety, or become easily upset, especially in situations outside their comfort zone.

9. **Difficulty Communicating:** As the disease progresses, individuals may have trouble finding the right words, following or joining in a conversation, or repeating themselves.

It's important to note that these symptoms can vary in severity and may not all be present in every individual with Alzheimer's disease. If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of cognitive decline, it's crucial to seek medical attention for a proper diagnosis and evaluation. Early detection can help in managing the symptoms and planning for the future.