What causes the skin on the face to become flaky and red?

Flaky and red skin on the face can be caused by various factors, and it's essential to consider multiple possibilities. Some common reasons include:

1. **Dry Skin:** Lack of moisture can lead to dry, flaky skin. This can be caused by factors like cold weather, low humidity, harsh soaps, or excessive washing.

2. **Eczema (Dermatitis):** Eczema is a chronic skin condition characterized by inflammation, redness, and flakiness. It can be triggered by allergens, irritants, or genetic factors.

3. **Psoriasis:** Psoriasis is an autoimmune condition that accelerates the skin cell life cycle, leading to the rapid buildup of cells on the skin's surface. This can result in red, scaly patches.

4. **Allergic Reactions:** Allergies to skincare products, makeup, or certain foods can cause redness and flakiness. It's important to identify and avoid the allergen.

5. **Rosacea:** Rosacea is a chronic skin condition that causes redness, flushing, and sometimes, small, red, pus-filled bumps. It can affect the face, and certain triggers, like spicy foods or alcohol, can exacerbate symptoms.

6. **Contact Dermatitis:** This is an inflammation of the skin that occurs when it comes into contact with an irritant or allergen. Common irritants include certain chemicals, fragrances, or even some metals in jewelry.

7. **Seborrheic Dermatitis:** This condition often affects areas rich in oil glands, such as the face, scalp, and chest. It can cause redness and flakiness, often appearing as dandruff on the scalp.

8. **Sunburn:** Overexposure to the sun can lead to sunburn, causing redness, peeling, and flakiness.

9. **Infections:** Fungal or bacterial infections can cause redness and flakiness. For example, fungal infections like ringworm can affect the face.

10. **Hormonal Changes:** Hormonal fluctuations, especially in conditions like perioral dermatitis, can lead to red, flaky skin around the mouth and eyes.

If you're experiencing persistent or severe symptoms, it's advisable to consult with a dermatologist or healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. They can help identify the specific cause of your skin issues and recommend an effective treatment plan.