What diseases are dogs vaccinated against?

Dogs are typically vaccinated against several common and potentially serious diseases to help protect their health. The specific vaccines recommended for dogs may vary depending on factors such as the dog's age, lifestyle, and geographic location. Common vaccinations for dogs in the United States and many other countries include:

1. Rabies: This vaccine is required by law in many places and is essential for preventing rabies, a fatal viral disease that can be transmitted to humans. The initial vaccine is typically given when the dog is a few months old, with periodic boosters as required by local regulations.

2. Distemper: Canine distemper is a highly contagious viral disease that can affect various body systems. Puppies are usually vaccinated against distemper as part of their core vaccinations, and boosters are given throughout their life.

3. Parvovirus: Canine parvovirus is a highly contagious and often deadly disease, especially in puppies. Vaccination against parvovirus is an important part of a dog's core vaccines.

4. Adenovirus (Infectious Canine Hepatitis): This vaccine protects against two types of adenovirus, one of which can cause hepatitis in dogs. It's often included in core vaccinations.

5. Parainfluenza: This vaccine is usually given to protect against respiratory infections in dogs, often as part of combination vaccines.

6. Bordetella: This vaccine is recommended for dogs that are frequently in close contact with other dogs, such as those in boarding facilities or dog parks. It helps protect against kennel cough, which is caused by Bordetella bacteria.

7. Leptospirosis: This bacterial disease can be transmitted to dogs through contaminated water sources or contact with infected wildlife. Some dogs may receive the leptospirosis vaccine, especially if they are at risk.

8. Canine Influenza: This vaccine is recommended for dogs at risk of exposure to canine influenza viruses, especially if there are outbreaks in their area.

9. Lyme Disease: The Lyme disease vaccine is recommended in areas where Lyme disease is prevalent, as it helps protect against the bacteria transmitted by ticks.

It's essential to work closely with your veterinarian to determine which vaccines are necessary for your dog based on factors such as their age, lifestyle, and local disease prevalence. Vaccination schedules and requirements may also vary from one region to another, so consult with your veterinarian to create a customized vaccination plan for your dog's specific needs.